* 1884 – The Parliament Building’s new electric lights are turned on for the first time in Ottawa. * 1961 Eisenhower warns of the “military-industrial complex”. * 1893 Americans overthrow Hawaiian monarchy. * 1966 H-bomb lost in Spain. * 1950 The Great Brinks Robbery
It’s Hump Day Wednesday! Did You Know…
* 1884 – The Parliament Building’s new electric lights are turned on for the first time in Ottawa.
Every December the Parliament Buildings are decorated with hundreds of colorful electric Christmas lights. The residents of Ottawa wait in anticipation for the official switching-on of the lights and visitors come to the city to admire the holiday illumination.Continue reading “John’s Believe It Or Not… January 17th”
* 1939 – Joe Shuster from Toronto publishes his first self-titled Superman comic strip. * 1997 Entertainer Bill Cosby’s son murdered along CA interstate. * 1979 Shah flees Iran. * 1991 The Persian Gulf War begins. * 2013 Pauline Phillips the original Dear Abby dies at 94.
It’s Tuesday! Did You Know…
* 1939 – Joe Shuster from Toronto publishes his first self-titled Superman comic strip.
Joseph “Joe” Shuster [See featured picture above] (July 10, 1914 – July 30, 1992) was a Canadian-American comic book artist best known for co-creating the DC Comics character Superman, with writer Jerry Siegel, in Action Comics #1 (cover-dated June 1938).Continue reading “John’s Believe It Or Not… January 16th”
* 1792 – Almost 1200 Black Loyalists emigrate from Nova Scotia to Sierra Leone. * 1936 Ford Foundation is born. * 1953 Dulles calls for “liberation of captive peoples”. * 1972 “American Pie” hits #1 on the pop charts. * 2009 Sully Sullenberger performs Miracle on the Hudson.
It’s Monday! Did You Know…
* 1792 – Almost 1200 Black Loyalists emigrate from Nova Scotia to Sierra Leone.
A rich spiritual experience was the only consolation for a life of appalling poverty in Nova Scotia. A white visitor to Birchtown was shocked by the condition of the black settlers. The houses were“miserable to guard against the inclemency of a Nova Scotia winter” he wrote, and that they had to survive the long winter “depending on what they could lay up in the summer.” In the opinion of this witness, “the wretchedness and poverty so strongly perceptible in the garb and continence of … these miserable outcasts” was as extreme as he had ever seen. Life was no better at Digby and Preston.Continue reading “John’s Believe It Or Not… January 15th”
The republican President Donald Trump has a habit of developing policies that at are based on his preconceived notions, which are not based on facts and reality but rather on “fake news,” with an anti-immigration bias championed by his base. At some point facts matter and this is especially true regarding the issue of immigration.
Here is the rest of the story based on facts...
Robert Reich, former Secretary of Labor in the Clinton administration, for which Time Magazine named him one of the ten most effective cabinet secretaries of the twentieth century, in October 2015 was already hearing the republican would be President Donald Trump telling his lies based on “fake news” regarding immigration. He wrote the following warning piece in response.
THE 4 BIG LIES ABOUT IMMIGRANTS – AND THE TRUTH
Donald Trump has opened the floodgates to lies about immigration. Here are the myths, and the facts
* 1976 – Eaton’s stops publishing catalog. * 1875 Albert Schweitzer born. * 1969 Explosion rocks USS Enterprise. * 1963 George Wallace inaugurated as Alabama governor. * 1970 Diana Ross and the Supremes perform their final concert.
It’s Sunday! Did You Know…
* 1976 – Eaton’s stops publishing catalog.
The Eaton’s catalog was a mail-order catalog published by Eaton’s from 1884 to 1976. It was “one of the first to be distributed by a Canadian retail store”.
The first version of the catalog was a 32-page booklet handed out at the Industrial Exhibition (now the Canadian National Exhibition). Within twelve years, the company’s mail-order department was filling over 200,000 orders per year. Eaton’s actively sought out new subscribers, particularly in rural areas, by employing such tactics as offering gifts for the contact information of non-subscribers.
There was initially only an English version of the catalog; the first French version was published in 1910 and began to be regularly distributed in 1927. However, customers could place orders in French as of 1902, though they could not use the provided forms to do so. Additions to the earliest versions of the catalog included illustrations in 1887 (the first catalogs were text-only), color in 1915, and photographs in 1919. The first mail-order office was in Toronto, but additional offices were opened in Winnipeg in 1905 and Moncton in 1918.
Early catalogs sold clothing almost exclusively, though operations gradually expanded to include such products as pharmaceuticals, books, furniture, china, farm tools, and whole pre-fabricated houses.
The Eaton’s catalog has been featured in multiple works of Canadian literature, including The Hockey Sweater and Anne’s House of Dreams. The publication itself was used to teach literacy in some classrooms. In Western Canada, the catalog was dubbed the “Homesteader’s Bible” or the “Family Bible”. This “Canadian symbol” was used for such diverse purposes as hockey shin pads, home insulation, and outhouse toilet paper.
* 1875 Albert Schweitzer born.
The theologian, musician, philosopher and Nobel Prize-winning physician Albert Schweitzer is born on this day in 1875 in Upper-Alsace, Germany (now Haut-Rhin, France).
The son and grandson of ministers, Schweitzer studied theology and philosophy at the universities of Strasbourg, Paris, and Berlin. After working as a pastor, he entered medical school in 1905 with the dream of becoming a missionary in Africa. Schweitzer was also an acclaimed concert organist who played professional engagements to earn money for his education. By the time he received his M.D. in 1913, the overachieving Schweitzer had published several books, including the influential The Quest for the Historical Jesus and a book on the composer Johann Sebastian Bach.
Medical degree in hand, Schweitzer and his wife, Helene Bresslau, moved to French Equatorial Africa where he founded a hospital at Lambarene (modern-day Gabon). When World War I broke out, the German-born Schweitzers were sent to a French internment camp as prisoners of war. Released in 1918, they returned to Lambarene in 1924. Over the next three decades, Schweitzer made frequent visits to Europe to lecture on culture and ethics. His philosophy revolved around the concept of what he called “reverence for life”–the idea that all life must be respected and loved, and that humans should enter into a personal, spiritual relationship with the universe and all its creations. This reverence for life, according to Schweitzer, would naturally lead humans to live a life of service to others.
Schweitzer won widespread praise for putting his uplifting theory into practice at his hospital in Africa, where he treated many patients with leprosy and the dreaded African sleeping sickness. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 1952, Schweitzer used his $33,000 award to start a leprosarium at Lambarene. From the early 1950s until his death in 1965, Schweitzer spoke and wrote tirelessly about his opposition to nuclear tests and nuclear weapons, adding his voice to those of fellow Nobelists Albert Einstein and Bertrand Russell.
* 1969 Explosion rocks USS Enterprise.
An explosion aboard the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise kills 27 people in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on this day in 1969. A rocket accidentally detonated, destroying 15 planes and injuring more than 300 people.
The Enterprise was the first-ever nuclear-powered aircraft carrier when it was launched in 1960. It has eight nuclear reactors, six more than all subsequent nuclear carriers. The massive ship is over 1,100 feet long and carries 4,600 crew members.
At 8:19 a.m. on January 14, an MK-32 Zuni rocket that was loaded on an F-4 Phantom jet overheated due to the exhaust from another vehicle. The rocket blew up, setting off a chain reaction of explosions. Fires broke out across the deck of the ship, and when jet fuel flowed into the carrier’s interior, other fires were sparked. Many of the Enterprise’s fire-protection features failed to work properly, but the crew worked heroically and tirelessly to extinguish the fire.
In all, 27 sailors lost their lives and another 314 were seriously injured. Although 15 aircraft (out of the 32 stationed on the Enterprise at the time) were destroyed by the explosions and fire, the Enterprise itself was never threatened.
The USS Enterprise was repaired over several months at Pearl Harbor and returned to action later in the year.
* 1963 George Wallace inaugurated as Alabama governor.
On January 14, 1963, George Wallace is inaugurated as the governor of Alabama, promising his followers, “Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever!” His inauguration speech was written by Ku Klux Klan leader Asa Carter, who later reformed his white supremacist beliefs and wrote The Education of Little Tree under the pseudonym of Forrest Carter. (The book, which gives a fictitious account of Carter’s upbringing by a Scotch-Irish moonshiner and a Cherokee grandmother, poignantly describes the difficulties faced by Native Americans in American society).
George Wallace’s ideological journey was not unlike Asa Carter’s. In 1958, Wallace made his first bid for Alabama’s gubernatorial seat. The NAACP endorsed him while the KKK endorsed his opponent in the primary. He was defeated by a wide margin. Four years later, Wallace had become a fiery segregationist and won election to the governor’s office in a landslide victory. He promised “segregation forever” but soon buckled under federal opposition.
In June 1963, under federal pressure, he was forced to end his literal blockade of the University of Alabama and allow the enrollment of African-American students. Despite his failures in slowing the accelerating civil rights movement in the South, Wallace became a national spokesman for resistance to racial change and in 1964 entered the race for the U.S. presidency. Although defeated in most Democratic presidential primaries he entered, his modest successes demonstrated the extent of the popular backlash against integration. In 1968, he made another strong run as the candidate of the American Independent Party and managed to get on the ballot in all 50 states. On Election Day, he drew 10 million votes from across the country.
In 1972, Governor Wallace returned to the Democratic Party for his third presidential campaign and, under a slightly more moderate platform, was showing promising returns when Arthur Bremer shot him on May 15, 1972. Three others were wounded in Bremer’s attack on a Wallace rally in Maryland, and Wallace was permanently paralyzed from the waist down. The next day, while fighting for his life in a hospital, he won major primary victories in Michigan and Maryland. However, Wallace remained in the hospital for several months, bringing his third presidential campaign to an irrevocable end.
After his recovery, he faded from national prominence and made a poor showing in his fourth and final presidential campaign in 1979. During the 1980s, Wallace’s politics shifted dramatically, especially in regard to race. He contacted civil rights leaders he had so forcibly opposed in the past and asked their forgiveness. In time, he gained the political support of Alabama’s growing African-American electorate and in 1983 was elected Alabama governor for the last time with their overwhelming support. During the next four years, the man who had promised segregation forever made more African-American political appointments than any other figure in Alabama history.
He announced his retirement in 1986, telling the Alabama electorate in a tearful address that “I’ve climbed my last political mountain, but there are still some personal hills I must climb. But for now, I must pass the rope and the pick to another climber and say climb on, climb on to higher heights. Climb on ’til you reach the very peak. Then look back and wave at me. I, too, will still be climbing.” He died in 1998.
* 1970 Diana Ross and the Supremes perform their final concert.
They were the most successful American pop group of the 1960s—a group whose 12 #1 hits in the first full decade of the rock and roll era places them behind only Elvis and the Beatles in terms of chart dominance. They helped define the very sound of the 60s, but like fellow icons the Beatles and Simon and Garfunkel, they came apart in the first year of the 70s. The curtain closed for good on Diana Ross and the Supremes on January 14, 1970, at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada.
The farewell concert in Vegas was the final act in a drawn-out breakup that didn’t become official until November 1969 but probably became inevitable in July 1967, when Motown Records chief Berry Gordy gave Diana Ross top billing over the Supremes. That move clearly signaled Gordy’s intention to launch Diana on a solo career—something he may have had in mind from the moment he upgraded her first name from “Diane” and upstaged her fellow Supremes by making Diana the group’s official lead singer.
Mary Wilson, Florence Ballard and Diane Ross grew up together in Detroit’s Brewster housing project and started out as co-equals in a singing group they called “the Primettes.” It took them several years of toiling within the hit factory Berry Gordy was assembling before the girls made their breakthrough in 1964. Those years included a Gordy-inspired name change for the group; a Gordy-mandated buffing and polishing in Motown’s in-house finishing school; and, eventually, a Gordy-dictated elevation of Diana over her childhood friends, Flo and Mary.
Yet even into early 1964, the group that would become Motown’s greatest commercial success was known as the “No-Hit Supremes” around Hitsville, U.S.A., the company’s Detroit headquarters. It was “Where Did Our Love Go”—a song written by the soon-to-be-legendary team of Holland-Dozier-Holland and rejected by the soon-to-be-eclipsed Marvelettes—that kicked off a run of success that saw the Supremes score an incredible five straight #1 singles in a 10-month span from July 1964 to May 1965. Five more #1s would come before Motown forced Flo Ballard out of the group she created, and two more would come with Cindy Birdsong as Ballard’s replacement before Diana Ross left the Supremes behind.
Thank you from the bottom of my heart for the inspiring support you’ve shown me on Words To Captivate since February of this year. I have enjoyed bringing you my own blogs each day and sometimes blogs of friends that I follow. I appreciate all the comments I have received and I continue to learn from you.
I have decided to take a 2-3 week hiatus to recharge my intellectual and emotional batteries and to focus on where I wish to go with my writing. I need the time to reflect and to make some decisions so I won’t be haunting the Internet beginning tomorrow.
I wish you and your loved ones great blessings during and beyond this Holiday Season. I wish you peace, prosperity, and good health in 2018.